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Air Separation Plants
Ammonium Nitrate Plants
Ammomium Sulfate Plants
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Dimethyl Formamide (DMF) Plants
Dimethylamine (DMA) Plants
Dimethylacetamide (DMAC) Plants
Dye and Pigment Plants
Edible Oil Plants
Fatty Acids Plants
Fiberglass Insulation Plants
Fine Chemical Plants
Gasification and Syngas Systems
Hydrogen Chloride Recovery Systems
Hydrogen Peroxide Plants
Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA) Plants
Methyl Amines Plants
Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) Plants
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Plants
Nitric Acid (HNO3) Plants
Polyester PET Plants
Polyethylene (LDPE) Plants
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Plants
Propylene Oxide (PO) Plants
Refinery (Complete) Plants
Sulfuric Acid Plants
Supercritical Extraction Plant
Synthetic Chemicals Plants
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Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) - EDC Plants
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IPP Featured Plants:
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain. As a specific material, it most commonly refers to a type called polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Polyesters include naturally occurring chemicals, such as in the
of plant cuticles, as well as synthetics through step-growth polymerization such as
. Natural polyesters and a few synthetic ones are biodegradable, but most synthetic polyesters are not. This material is used very widely in clothing.
Depending on the chemical structure, polyester can be a thermoplastic or thermoset. There are also polyester resins cured by hardeners; however, the most common polyesters are thermoplastics.
or knitted from polyester thread or yarn are used extensively in apparel and home furnishings, from shirts and pants to jackets and hats, bed sheets, blankets, upholstered furniture and computer mouse mats. Industrial polyester fibers, yarns and ropes are used in
reinforcements, fabrics for conveyor belts, safety belts, coated fabrics and plastic reinforcements with high-energy absorption. Polyester fiber is used as cushioning and insulating material in pillows, comforters and upholstery padding. Polyester fabrics are highly stain-resistant— in fact, the only class of dyes which can be used to alter the color of polyester fabric are what are known as disperse dyes.
Polyester fibers are sometimes spun together with natural fibers to produce a cloth with blended properties. Cotton mixed with Polyester blends can be strong, wrinkle and tear-resistant, and reduce shrinking. Synthetic fibers in polyester also create materials with water, wind and environmental resistance compared to plant-derived fibers. Cons of cotton and polyester blends include being less breathable than cotton and trapping more moisture while sticking to the skin. They are also less fire resistant and can melt when ignited.
Polyester blends have been renamed so as to suggest their similarity or even superiority to natural fibers (for example, China silk, which is a term in the textiles industry for a 100% polyester fiber woven to resemble the sheet and durability of insect-derived silk).
Polyesters are also used to make bottles, films, tarpaulin, canoes, liquid crystal displays, holograms, filters, dielectric film for capacitors, film insulation for wire and insulating tapes. Polyesters are widely used as a finish on high-quality wood products such as guitars, pianos and vehicle/yacht interiors. Thixotropic properties of spray-applicable polyesters make them ideal for use on open-grain timbers, as they can quickly fill wood grain, with a high-build film thickness per coat. Cured polyesters can be sanded and polished to a high-gloss, durable finish.
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